A new addition to the USMCA is the inclusion of Chapter 33, which covers macroeconomic policies and exchange rate issues. This is considered important because it could set a precedent for future trade agreements.  Chapter 33 sets out requirements for currency and macroeconomic transparency that, in the event of a breach, would be grounds for litigation under Chapter 20.  The United States, Canada and Mexico currently meet all of these transparency requirements in addition to substantive policy requirements that comply with the international Monetary Fund`s articles.  On May 11, 2018, House Of Representatives spokesman Paul Ryan set May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not met and the agreement with Mexico was not reached until August 27, 2018.  At that time, Canada had not approved the agreement. Mexico`s outgoing President Enrique Pea Nieto, having left office on 1 December 2018 and requiring 60 days as a review period, the deadline for making the agreed text available was set at the end of September 2018, 30 September 2018. Negotiators worked around the clock and reached an agreement less than an hour before midnight on a draft text. The next day, October 1, 2018, the USMCA text was published as an agreed document. The agreed text of the agreement was signed by the heads of state and government of the three countries on November 30, 2018, as an incidental event at the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
 The English, Spanish and French versions will also be binding and the agreement will take effect after ratification by the three states through the adoption of enabling laws.  It allows North America to be one of the most advanced free trade zones in the world. And our economy will be stronger in the future with this new trade agreement. Just before opening the impeachment process for President Trump, the Senate passed a new trade agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada. National procedures for ratifying the agreement in the United States are governed by the legislation of the Trade Promotion Authority, which is also known as the fast-track authority. The Senate sent the U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement to President Trump`s office after rarely voting for all parties. Growing objections within Member States to U.S. trade policy and various aspects of the USMCA have had an impact on the signing and ratification process. Mexico said it would not sign the USMCA if tariffs on steel and aluminum were maintained.
 Based on the results of the November 6, 2018 U.S. election, it has been speculated that the greater power of Democrats in the House of Representatives could jeopardize the passage of the USMCA agreement.   Bill Pascrell, a senior Democrat, argued for changes to the USMCA to pass Congress.  Republicans have opposed the USMCA provisions that impose labour rights on LGBTQ and pregnant workers.  Forty Republicans in Congress have asked Mr. Trump not to sign an agreement that includes “the unprecedented integration of sexual orientation and the language of gender identity.” As a result, Trump ultimately signed a revised version that required each nation only to “policies it deems appropriate to protect workers from discrimination in the workplace” and said the United States would not be required to introduce additional non-discrimination laws.  The Canadian government expressed concern about the changes that have occurred under the USMCA agreement.  For the first time in a U.S. trade agreement, this agreement prohibits local data storage requirements in cases where a financial supervisory authority has access to the data it needs to fulfill its regulatory and oversight mission. On November 30, 2018, the USMCA was signed as planned by the three parties at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires.   Disputes over labour rights, steel and aluminum prevented ratification of this version of the agreement.
  Canada`s Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland, Ro